Kakinada Deep Sea Water Port:
Port of Kakinada is on the Southern Part of East Coast of India
at 16.59' (North) & Longitude 82.19'.(East). It is the principal
sea port amongst the minor ports in INDIA and is under the control
of the government of the State of Andhra Pradesh. The maritime
history of the Port dates as far back as the year 1805, when the
port of "Coringa" nearby had to be closed due to shoalir.g.
The port activities for handling sailing ships of those days took
place near about the present Jagannaickpur Bridge. In order to
prevent silting in the navigational channel groynes were built
extending them from time to time towards the sea, to a length
of about 5 Kms. Thus the present commercial canal with a length
of about 5 Kms. and width of about 70 Mts. had been formed for
maintaining depths for boat navigation.
port is classified as an intermediate port and is all weather
sheltered anchorage port. Kakinada Bay, with water spread of about
2.5 Sq.Km. is encircled and protected upto three quarters of its
perimeter by the mainland and the Godavari sand spit, also known
as "Hope Island". This Island had originated about 200
years ago from the mouth of the river littoral drift along the
shoreline and had extended to a length about 11 nautical miles
so far, thus forming into a natural breakwater protecting the
entire eastern portion from the fury of the sea and providing
tranquility and shelter to the ships which are berthed at anchor
in the Kakinada Bay. Thus, the port of Kakinada has become one
of the safest natural harbours on the east coast of India.
and Efficiency of Kakinada Port:
the case of Kakinada Port, we can find easily that its potential
from the view-point of cargo generation capacity of its hinter-land
is being under-utilised.
level of infrastructure available at the port is found to be far
short of the requirements for handling export/import cargoes belonging
to the industries that have come up or are proposed to be set-up
in the port's hinter-land.
for meeting the requirements of handling liquid cargoes like GFCL
raw materials, POL or Hindusthan Petroleum Ltd., Etc., and for
meeting the future requirements of growth and modernisation, the
Deep Water Port facility is being created with 150 crore ADB financial